Tag - Pvc

CCNA WAN Questions
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CCNA WAN Questions

Here you will find answers to WAN Questions

Question 1

Users have been complaining that their Frame Relay connection to the corporate site is very slow. The network administrator suspects that the link is overloaded. Based on the partial output of the Router#show frame relay pvc command shown in the graphic, which output value indicates to the local router that traffic sent to the corporate site is experiencing congestion?









A. DLCI=100
B. last time PVC status changed 00:25:40
C. in BECN packets 192
D. in FECN packets 147
E. in DF packets 0


Answer: C

Question :2

When troubleshooting a Frame Relay connection, what is the first step when performing a loopback test?

A. Set the encapsulation of the interface to HDLC.
B. Place the CSU/DSU in local-loop mode.
C. Enable local-loop mode on the DCE Frame Relay router.
D. Verify that the encapsulation is set to Frame Relay.


Answer: A


The first thing when performing a loopback test on a Frame Relay connection is to reconfigure the encapsulation of the interface to HDLC protocol instead of Frame Relay protocol. The main reason is Frame Relay requires a pair of DCE/DTE which cannot be used in a loopback test.

For more information about steps of trouble shooting Frame Relay, please read: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk713/tk237/technologies_tech_note09186a008014f8a7.shtml#topic20

For your information, below is a paragraph quoted from the above link:

“Serial0 is down, line protocol is down”

This output means you have a problem with the cable, channel service unit/data service unit (CSU/DSU), or the serial line. You need to troubleshoot the problem with a loopback test. To do a loopback test, follow the steps below:

1. Set the serial line encapsulation to HDLC and keepalive to 10 seconds. To do so, issue the commands encapsulation hdlc and keepalive 10 under the serial interface.
2. Place the CSU/DSU or modem in local loop mode. If the line protocol comes up when the CSU, DSU or modem is in local loopback mode (indicated by a “line protocol is up (looped)” message), it suggests that the problem is occurring beyond the local CSU/DSU. If the status line does not change states, there is possibly a problem in the router, connecting cable, CSU/DSU or modem. In most cases, the problem is with the CSU/DSU or modem.
3. Ping your own IP address with the CSU/DSU or modem looped. There should not be any misses. An extended ping of 0×0000 is helpful in resolving line problems since a T1 or E1 derives clock from data and requires a transition every 8 bits. B8ZS ensures that. A heavy zero data pattern helps to determine if the transitions are appropriately forced on the trunk. A heavy ones pattern is used to appropriately simulate a high zero load in case there is a pair of data inverters in the path. The alternating pattern (0×5555) represents a “typical” data pattern. If your pings fail or if you get cyclic redundancy check (CRC) errors, a bit error rate tester (BERT) with an appropriate analyzer from the telco is needed.
4. When you are finished testing, make sure you return the encapsulation to Frame Relay.

Question 3

What occurs on a Frame Relay network when the CIR is exceeded?

A. All TCP traffic is marked discard eligible.
B. All UDP traffic is marked discard eligible and a BECN is sent.
C. All TCP traffic is marked discard eligible and a BECN is sent.
D. All traffic exceeding the CIR is marked discard eligible.


Answer: D


Committed information rate (CIR): The minimum guaranteed data transfer rate agreed to by the Frame Relay switch. Frames that are sent in excess of the CIR are marked as discard eligible (DE) which means they can be dropped if the congestion occurs within the Frame Relay network.

Note: In the Frame Relay frame format, there is a bit called Discard eligible (DE) bit that is used to identify frames that are first to be dropped when the CIR is exceeded.


Question 4

What are two characteristics of Frame Relay point-to-point subinterfaces? (Choose two)


A. They create split-horizon issues.
B. They require a unique subnet within a routing domain.
C. They emulate leased lines.
D. They are ideal for full-mesh topologies.
E. They require the use of NBMA options when using OSPF.


Answer: B C

 Question 5

The output of the show frame-relay pvc command shows ”PVC STATUS=INACTIVE”. What does this mean?

A. The PVC is configured correctly and is operating normally,but no data packets have been detected for more than five minutes.
B. The PVC is configured correctly, is operating normally and is no longer actively seeking the address the remote route,
C. The PVC is configured correctly, is operating normally and is waiting for interesting to trigger a call to the remote router.
D. The PVC is configured correctly on the local switch, but there is a problem on the remote end of the PVC.
E. The PVC is not configured on the switch.

 Answer: D


The PVC STATUS displays the status of the PVC. The DCE device creates and sends the report to the DTE devices. There are 4 statuses:

+ ACTIVE: the PVC is operational and can transmit data
+ INACTIVE: the connection from the local router to the switch is working, but the connection to the remote router is not available
+ DELETED: the PVC is not present and no LMI information is being received from the Frame Relay switch
+ STATIC: the Local Management Interface (LMI) mechanism on the interface is disabled (by using the “no keepalive” command). This status is rarely seen so it is ignored in some books.


Question 6

Which encapsulation type is a Frame Relay encapsulation type that is supported by Cisco routers?

A. Q933-A Annex A
C. ANSI Annex D


Answer: B



Cisco supports two Frame Relay encapsulation types: the Cisco encapsulation and the IETF Frame Relay encapsulation, which is in conformance with RFC 1490 and RFC 2427. The former is often used to connect two Cisco routers while the latter is used to connect a Cisco router to a non-Cisco router. You can test with your Cisco router when typing the command Router(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay ? on a WAN link. Below is the output of this command (notice Cisco is the default encapsulation so it is not listed here, just press Enter to use it).

Note: Three LMI options are supported by Cisco routers are ansi, Cisco, and Q933a. They represent the ANSI Annex D, Cisco, and ITU Q933-A (Annex A) LMI types, respectively.

HDLC is a WAN protocol same as Frame-Relay and PPP so it is not a Frame Relay encapsulation type.

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Question 1

The command frame-relay map ip 102 broadcast was entered on the router. Which of the following statements is true concerning thiscommand?

A: This command should be executed from the global configuration mode.

B: The IP address is the local router port used to forward data.

C: 102 is the remote DLCI that will receive the information.

D: This command is required for all Frame Relay configurations.

E: The broadcast option allows packets, such as RIP updates, to be forwarded across the PVC.


Correct Answers: E


The command frame-relay map ip 102 broadcast means to mapping the distal IP 102 to the local DLCI 102. When the “broadcast” keyword is included, it turns Frame Relay network as a broadcast network, which can forward broadcasts

Question 2

Refer to the exhibit. Which statement describes DLCI 17?

A: DLCI 17 describes the ISDN circuit between R2 and R3.

B: DLCI 17 describes a PVC on R2. It cannot be used on R3 or R1.

C: DLCI 17 is the Layer 2 address used by R2 to describe a PVC to R3.

D: DLCI 17 describes the dial-up circuit from R2 and R3 to the service provider.


Correct Answers: C


DLCI stands for Data Link Connection Identifier. DLCI values are used on Frame Relay interfaces to distinguish between different virtual circuits. DLCIs have local significance because the identifier references the point between the local router and the local Frame Relay switch to which the DLCI is connected.

Question 3

A default Frame Relay WAN is classified as what type of physical network?

A: point-to-point

B: broadcast multi-access

C: nonbroadcast multi-access

D: nonbroadcast multipoint

E: broadcast point-to-multipoint


Correct Answer: C


Non-Broadcast Multi-Access (NBMA) networks are types such as Frame Relay, X.25, and Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM). These networks allow for multi-access, but have no broadcast ability like Ethernet

Question 4

Which of the following are key characteristics of PPP? (Choose three.)

A: can be used over analog circuits

B: maps Layer 2 to Layer 3 address

C: encapsulates several routed protocols

D: supports IP only

E: provides error correction


Correct Answers: A C E


Below is some more information about PPP:

PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) allows authentication such as Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) and Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) and multilink connections (allow several separate physical paths to appear to be one logical path at layer 3) and can be run over asynchronous and synchronous links.

PPP can work with numerous network layer protocols, including Internet Protocol (IP), Novell’s Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX), NBF and AppleTalk.

PPP only supports error detection, not error correction so answer E should be understood as “provides error detection”. It is a mistake of this question.


Question 5

Which three Layer 2 encapsulation types would be used on a WAN rather than a LAN? (Choose three)


B: Ethernet

C: Token Ring



F: Frame Relay


Correct Answer: A D F


Question 6

Refer to the exhibit. What is the meaning of the term dynamic as displayed in the output of the show frame-relay map command shown?



A: The Serial0/0 interface is passing traffic.

B: The DLCI 100 was dynamically allocated by the router

C: The Serial0/0 interface acquired the IP address of from a DHCP server

D: The DLCI 100 will be dynamically changed as required to adapt to changes in the Frame Relay cloud

E: The mapping between DLCI 100 and the end station IP address was learned through Inverse ARP


The term dynamic indicates that the DLCI number and the remote router IP address are learned via the Inverse ARP process.

Inverse ARP is a technique by which dynamic mappings are constructed in a network, allowing a device such as a router to locate the logical network address and associate it with a permanent virtual circuit (PVC).

Correct Answer: E

Question 7

Which of the following describes the roles of devices in a WAN? (Choose three.)

A: A CSU/DSU terminates a digital local loop

B: A modem terminates a digital local loop

C: A CSU/DSU terminates an analog local loop

D: A modem terminates an analog local loop

E: A router is commonly considered a DTE device

F: A router is commonly considered a DCE device

Correct Answers: A D E

Question 8

How should a router that is being used in a Frame Relay network be configured to avoid split horizon issues from preventing routing updates?

A: Configure a separate sub-interface for each PVC with a unique DLCI and subnet assigned to the sub-interface

B: Configure each Frame Relay circuit as a point-to-point line to support multicast and broadcast traffic

C: Configure many sub-interfaces on the same subnet

D: Configure a single sub-interface to establish multiple PVC connections to multiple remote router interfaces

Correct Answer: A

Question 9

What can a network administrator utilize by using PPP Layer 2 encapsulation? (Choose three.)

A: VLAN support

B: compression

C: authentication

D: sliding windows

E: multilink support

F: quality of service


Correct Answers: B C E

Question 10

The Frame Relay network in the diagram is not functioning properly. What is the cause of the problem?











A: The Gallant router has the wrong LMI type configured

B: Inverse ARP is providing the wrong PVC information to the Gallant router

C: The S3 interface of the Steele router has been configured with the frame-relay encapsulation ietf command

D: The frame-relay map statement in the Attalla router for the PVC to Steele is not correct

E: The IP address on the serial interface of the Attalla router is configured incorrectly


Correct Answer: D


At Attalla router, we find a deleted status but the next map statement indicates an active status, which if for Gallant. Therefore we can deduce the map statement for the PVC from Attalla to Steele is incorrect. Incorrect DLCI assignments that are configured normally shown up as “deleted” in the frame relay maps.

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